The rear power take-off is used to operate mounted equipment such as sprayers, water pumps, or 6wed equipment such as combines, and such specialized equipment as post hole diggers and mobile drills. With the pulley and pulley drive attachment on the rear PTO, the Universal 'Jeep' can operate belt-driven units such as the buzz saw and hammer mill.
Economy of operation is derived from the following factors:
a. Low purchase price
b. Low operating cost
c. Low maintenance cost
d. Multi -purpose operation of the Universal 'Jeep'
e. Long vehicle life through sturdy design
The initial cost of the Universal 'Jeep' has been kept to a minimum by its simple utility construction without sacrificing quality standards. The compact 4-cylinder engine from which the Universal 'Jeep' derives its full power performance is less expensive than heavier, larger power plants. Though more rugged, the Universal 'Jeep' is easier to build because production costs are lower. This permits the Universal 'Jeep' to sell at a price equal to or lower than that of its competitors.
The Hurricane engine means particularly low operating costs. With its high compression ratio, oversized intake valves, and long piston stroke, this 4-cylinder engine requires a minimum, of fuel for the job it is designed to do.
In the Universal 'Jeep' this engine is particularly economical because of the low curb weight of the vehicle itself. No power is wasted in propelling surplus weight. As proof, the Universal 'Jeep' carries a payload equal to 56% of its own curb weight.
Maintenance costs are also low. That's because of the rugged construction and dependability of the engine, chassis, and body. Designed as an all-purpose vehicle to stand the stresses and strains of war, the Universal 'Jeep' represents a minimum service problem in many civilian applications. The high road clearance and the short wheelbase give further protection against road damage.
The airplane type shocks and 18-gauge steel body are straight line designed. This means easy welding or simple replacement, again reducing the maintenance bill. Also the high steel fenders, the easy-opening hood, and the convenient engine mount simplify access to tires and engine in case of emergency.
On top of all this the Universal 'Jeep' is economical because of the many jobs it can perform. The Universal 'Jeep' knows no off-season or rest period. It won't rust in the barn or garage. Thus its cost and upkeep may be amortized over many different jobs. This is a unique selling feature.
Further, the initial cost is also amortized over a very long and useful life. Ruggedness and long life have been designed and built into the Universal ' Jeep' -- just look at the thousands of World War II Universal 'Jeeps' still in operation throughout the world. This is a tested vehicle - and an accepted one as Willys has produced over 1,500,000 'Jeep' Utility vehicles.
Maneuverability is inherent in the Universal 'Jeep' because of:
Its 4-wheel drive
Its combination of low silhouette, low center of gravity and high road clearance
Its short turning radius
Its short length
The Universal 'Jeep's 4-wheel drive traction at both high and low speeds will take it through most any kind of terrain. In fact, official road maps in many countries have a special classification of "Jeepable roads", roads where only a Universal 'Jeep' can get through. With the 4-wheel drive the Universal 'Jeep' will cross almost any kind of country and go up 60% grades from a standing start. With the same ease it can go down these hills using the compression forces of the engine to transmit braking power to all four wheels.
The added traction of 4-wheel drive also means more maneuverability in tight spots by preventing slippage. On the highway, the Universal 'Jeep' is capable of going up to 70 miles per hour in 2-wheel drive. This ability to convert to on or off-the-road applications is found in few vehicles.
The low silhouette of the vehicle, coupled with its low center of gravity, allows the Universal 'Jeep' to maneuver diagonally on those hills that would upset a conventional truck or tractor. This road-hugging ability and narrow width, together with a short turning radius and short over-all length, lets the Universal 'Jeep' go between trees and obstructions that would block other vehicles. The maneuverability of the Universal 'Jeep' is largely the result of its turning radius (less than twice the length of the vehicle) and its short wheelbase.
All this adds up to make the Universal 'Jeep' one of the world's most maneuverable vehicles under all driving and terrain conditions.
The Universal 'Jeep' is designed to handle many different jobs as well as transmit power to auxiliary equipment in many different ways. To do this Willys engineers have designed a rugged vehicle.
Specifically, its ruggedness is brought about by:
All steel construction
Strong "K" frame crossmember
Airplane type shock absorbers
Extra heavy springs
Transmission skid plate
Weather resistant upholstery
The Universal 'Jeep' body is built of extra-heavy 18-gauge steel to withstand the punishment the vehicle is designed to take. The Universal 'Jeep' frame, body and suspension is also built for endurance.
The frame is constructed of high strength pressed steel, welded and riveted channels. It has a box section front crossmember, three intermediate channel crossmembers, and a "K" channel crossmember at the rear. This construction makes the Universal ' Jeep' frame strong, yet gives it sufficient resilience and shock-absorbing qualities to withstand heavy impacts, twists and strains.
The springs and shock absorbers are built with a greater than normal margin of safety since the type of work may change from hour to hour or day to day.